My Formulations Articles

Here are links to articles of mine that have been published in Formulations, which was the journal of the Free Nation Foundation until it was taken over in 2001 by the Libertarian Nation Foundation. The articles are listed in alphabetic order by title.

The Anticrime Industry in a Free Nation
Argues that private enterprise can protect us from criminals in a free nation only if punishment is outlawed.

Bourgeois Families in a Free Nation
Bourgeois families will thrive in a free nation because (1) people with the middle-class work ethic will migrate to a free nation in greater numbers than people with other values, (2) a free nation will not have laws that undermine the bourgeois family and subsidize alternatives, and (3) people raised in bourgeois families will be more successful than people raised by alternative institutions.

Christian Libertarians
Argues that those who agree with the moral teachings of Jesus ought logically to be libertarians.

In Defense of Moral Agents
Moral philosophy should be based on deductions from the concept of moral agency rather than the concept of manness.

Dialog: The Benefits of Writing about a Free Nation
Writing for a libertarian audience has some advantages.

Dialog: The Market for Punishment
Richard Hammer disagrees with some assertions I made in " The Anticrime Industry in a Free Nation" (Formulations, Vol. IV, No.1, Autumn 1996). This is followed by my reply to his comments.

Dialog: Markets Can Furnish Law"/"What Is a Market Transaction?
Rich Hammer argues that the market can define law. I argue that before we can trade in a free market we need to know who owns what.

A Free Society Requires the Myth of a Higher Law
Specifically, a free nation requires that its members live in accordance with the non-aggression principle as though it is a higher law than any other.

The Gambling Stakes Paradigm for Loans and Labor Contracts
Slavery contracts of all kinds, including voluntary slavery contracts, are not valid and they should not be enforced in a libertarian legal system. Instead, labor contracts and other contracts involving future events should be based on the gambling-stakes paradigm.

Ideas as Property
Inventors can legitimately retain ownership of their inventions by divulging them only under contracts that bind others to secrecy.

Law and Violence
A description of several mutually exclusive libertarian philosophies about legitimate violence and an argument for the self-defense paradigm.

Let's Discuss the Amount of Coercion Needed in a Free Nation
Except when writing about a solution that is compatible with all the paradigms, I suggest that those who write articles for Formulations would be more effective in making progress toward a clear description of a free nation if they identify which libertarian legal paradigm they are advocating.

Libertarian Responses to Terrorism
Peace lovers and noninterventionists are a minority in the Libertarian Party. Most support unending, global, military attacks led by the USA against suspected terrorist strongholds despite the inevitable collateral damage and increased statism that goes with war mobilization. The Randians have even less respect for innocent lives than the neo-conservatives and neo-libertarians.

Normal People Believe in Natural Rights
Four different arguments support the title thesis.

Operation Atlantis and the Radical Libertarian Alliance: Observations of a Fly on the Wall
Recollections of my involvement with Operation Atlantis and the Radical Libertarian Alliance in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

The Origins of States
Describes what experts have learned about how primary states arose.

A Paper Tiger for a Free Nation
A proposal for a pseudo-government to act as the face of a free nation to the outside world.

A Pessimistic View of Legitimizing the Institutions of a Free Nation
"Our [libertarian] views are not wrong, they are just not likely to be popular with the stupid masses or with their more intelligent but evil rulers."

A Response to Adrian Hintonís "Libertarian Community of Utopia"
I encourage this young libertarian to write in standard English rather than Rand-speak.

Review of Spencer Heath's Citadel, Market and Altar
This book argues for replacing the state with a proprietary Citadel run by landlords.

Review of Short Answers to the Tough Questions by Mary J. Ruwart
Dr. Ruwart has a talent for presenting libertarian solutions as not only logical, clear, and principled, but also as practical and humane.

Review of The Structure of Liberty by Randy Barnett
This is a scholarly, often difficult, yet bold and often brilliant, treatise on law that will repay the efforts of a patient reader.

Review of To Serve and Protect by Bruce L. Benson
Free-market alternatives to the government police and courts already exist in the USA.

Review of Vigilantes of Montana by Thomas J. Dimsdale
The government legal system was so corrupt and inefficient in Montana from 1863 to 1865 that the noncriminal element of society formed vigilance committees to restore peace, safety, and prosperity.

R. J. Rummel's Research Shows That Freer Nations Are More Prosperous and Less Violent
His research shows that democracy is a method of nonviolence and that power kills.

Selecting a Site for a Free Nation
Look for an undeveloped place with natural resources, a decent climate, and democratic neighbors.

A Single-Owner Proprietary Nation: Advantages, Problems, and Solutions
A single-owner proprietary community could be designed to be a free nation.

The State as Penalizer
Examines the argument that only the state can administer a uniform schedule of punishments for crimes.

The State as the Only Defense Against Nuclear War
This paper draws out the implications of the argument that a state with nuclear weapons is the only defense against other states with nuclear weapons.

A Theory of Property Rights for a Free Nation
The homestead principle is the source of property rights and is necessary for the establishment of a free nation.

Who Are the Realists?
A defense of individual-rights-based anarchism that claims arguments in defense of the state are unrealistic and not supported by history.

Back to Libertarian Essays by Roy Halliday

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